Few people probably realize that Berlin is 9 times larger in size than Paris. It’s a really big city, full of diversity, monuments and attractions for tourists. It is the capital not only of Germany, but also of culture, fashion, artists and outsiders. Berlin is also an ideal place for all shopaholics. A modern city with a sad past that is now growing into the hipster capital of Europe.
Districts in Berlin
Berlin, with its area of almost 900 square kilometers, has been divided into 12 administrative districts with as many as 96 districts. This condition has been in effect since 2001, when the number of 23 districts was reduced to 12, for economic reasons. Each of them has a separate local government, operating on municipal rights.
Currently, the division of Berlin into administrative districts is as follows:
As for the districts themselves, their number in turn has increased since 2002, when a further six were added to 90.
All districts of Berlin in alphabetical order:
19. Falkenhagener Feld
21. Französisch Buchholz
57. Märkisches Viertel
70. Prenzlauer Berg
82. Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow
Berlin districts – immigrants and the most dangerous areas
Historical circumstances strongly influenced the development of Berlin, the mentality of its inhabitants and the differences between individual districts. Hence the diversity, specific colors and distinct atmosphere of each part of this city.
Apparently, all districts of Berlin goes to recognize by smell. This is probably the work of a multicultural community, which also has an impact on what the nearby pubs and eateries serve, from which this aroma rises. Immigrants and their descendants are a very large social group in the German capital.
The proportions of ethnic Germans and immigrants and their families differ significantly in all 96 districts of Berlin. In some, the percentage of migrants calculated with children and young people can reach up to 80%.
This primarily applies to districts from the districts of Mitte, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Neukölln. Slightly lower, because “barely” 40% of immigrants are recorded in the districts of the so-called old West Berlin, namely Charlottenburg, Spandau, Reinickendorf and Tempelhof-Schöneberg.
Interestingly, the former districts of East Berlin and some areas in the suburbs have a much lower share of immigrants in the structure of society, which can reach only a few percent.
However, a large number of immigrant families do not, as it may seem, affect the security of the district. Currently, the most dangerous district of Berlin is Mitte. This is due to the fact that it is most often visited by tourists, which small criminals try to use. It is here that the Berlin police record the most burglaries and thefts. Kreuzberg, the avant-garde district and various outsiders, comes second. Only the eighth most dangerous district in Berlin is the most densely populated by immigrants Neukölln.
Before it is even Charlottenburg, which is considered a typical bourgeois, clean and peaceful neighborhood.
The most popular and interesting districts of Berlin
Mitte – we start from the district of Berlin to which all tourists go. This is where the most of the most famous monuments and attractions for visitors are located. It is worth mentioning here, for example, the Brandenburg Gate, Museum Island, or the TV Tower. Of course, without forgetting the famous Alexanderplatz or Unter den Linden street.
Accommodation in the Mitte district is not the cheapest, after all it is the very center of Berlin, from where everything is close. The architecture here is a mix of pre-war buildings and post-war GDR-style buildings. There are many shops, boutiques, galleries and cafes here. Unfortunately, many buildings need renovation, and some of them are covered with not always beautiful graffiti.
Charlottenburg – another quite popular district of Berlin, where there are plenty of monuments and attractions for tourists. First of all, it houses the Charlottenburg Palace, the Memorial Church and the Olympic Stadium. There are also shops, restaurants and vast shopping boulevards. It is also the place where the Deutsche Oper is located – the Berlin opera house.
The Charlottenburg district is located relatively close to downtown (Mitte) and is well connected to it. In the near distance (but already in another district) is the famous KaDeWe department store and to China Town, where you can try original dishes prepared by various Asian nations. Accommodation prices in Charlottenburg are at a similar level as in Mitte. It just so happens that we have devoted a separate article about accommodation in Berlin.
Prenzlauer Berg – this is probably the best-preserved district of Berlin in the 1880s. It is distinguished by really nice architecture – cobbled boulevards, lots of greenery, stylish boutiques and restaurants. This is a wealthy part of Berlin, used more as a residential rather than a tourist destination.
Prices are not among the lowest here. Speaking of money, see our text on prices in Berlin.
At one time Prenzlauer Berg was full of vacancies in which the homeless and other outsiders lived. Now many of the buildings are protected, and there are no signs of neglect. This is a good place if someone finds accommodation here, to explore the city center and other districts of Berlin. It is worth going to Prenzlauer Berg to the famous flea market in Mauerpark. Find out more about the Berlin flea markets.
Kreuzberg – often called the hipster district. Multicultural, colorful, full of street art and students. In the past it was mainly a district inhabited by immigrants. Real estate prices have been rising steadily for several years, but cheap accommodation can still be found here. Kreuzberg is also a place increasingly visited by tourists and treated as a kind of Berlin attraction.
Kreuzberg has the reputation of a place attracting artists and is presented as a center of broadly understood alternative culture. The big advantage here are still affordable prices. The presence of people from all over the world makes it possible to try different delicacies here. In addition, Kreuzberg is teeming with night life, there are plenty of bars and pubs where you can party until dawn.
The attractions of this district of Berlin are the East Side Gallery and the Jewish Museum. Kreuzberg is surprisingly well connected to most of the monuments and interesting places in the city.
Friedrichshain is another somewhat alternative district of Berlin, but definitely less than Kreuzberg. A place known mainly for night games and the party part of the German capital. Interestingly, it is in this district that Warschauer Strasse is located, which is the epicenter of Berlin nightlife. There is no shortage of clubs, bars or restaurants.
Friedrichshain was a former GDR district that was almost completely destroyed during World War II. It is now an urban artistic center, where modern media corporation buildings and those created by the thought of Soviet architects stand next to each other. A real cultural mix.
Friedrichshain is also a good place to stay for people for whom Kreuzberg is too hipster, but would like to live relatively close to it.
Schöneberg – a district of Berlin a bit distant from the center. But its main advantage is greater peace, greenery and several interesting places that are worth seeing. These include the town hall, which was once visited by the President of the United States – J.F. Kennedy, who then said the famous phrase: Ich bin ein Berliner. It is worth going to the local park – Schöneberger Südgelände, which was created in the place of the former locomotive depot.
The Schöneberg district also has restaurants, cafes and shops, with the most famous – Kaufhaus des Westens, a luxury department store. On Potsdamer Strasse, we can enter one of the many original galleries or try Turkish cuisine.
This is the district in which Albert Einstein and Dawid Bowie once lived. This place was supposedly an inspiration or rather a background for the book “Berlin Stories” by Christopher Isherwood, among others on the basis of which the famous film musical Cabaret was filmed. Today, Schöneberg is one of the favorite spots of sexual minorities.
Neukölln – it’s probably the most Turkish of all districts of Berlin. Called very often “Little Istanbul”. This place has changed and evolved considerably in recent years. The abandoned buildings were taken by the Berlin bohemia. However, the largest immigrant group living in Neukölln created a substitute for their homeland. It is definitely a good place to try Turkish delicacies, whether in a local pub or at a market.
In Neukölln you can see Muslim fashion stores, grocery stores and sex shops side by side. It is worth visiting the city park Comenius Garten or visiting the former Czech village, where traces of settlement have remained. More information on this topic and tangible exhibits can be seen in the Museum im Böhmischen Dorf.